Neurofeedback w sporcie

Trening neurofeedback jest stosowany na całym świecie w różnych dyscyplinach sportowych, celem podwyższenia wydajności sportowców na wielu płaszczyznach – poprawienie pamięci roboczej, koncentracji, redukcji lęku, koordynacji ruchów, stłumienia negatywnego dialogu wewnętrznego. Poniżej znajdują się artykuły opisujące zastosowanie neurofeedbacku w sporcie. Tytuły na czerwono dotyczą przeglądów systematycznych badań, a na zielono – pojedynczych badań.  Na podstawie badań naukowych można stwierdzić, że neurofeedback poprawia wyniki w:

– ogólnej wydajności sportowej[1]

– pływaniu[2][3]

– szermierce[4]

– lekkoatletyce[5][6][7]

– taekwondo[8]

– judo[9]

– koszykówce[10]

– tańcu[11][12][13][14]

– sprincie i bieganiu[15]

– strzelaniu z karabinu[16][17]

– golfie[18][19][20][21]

– gimnastyce[22][23][24]

– łucznictwie[25][26]

– piłce nożnej[27]

– łyżwiarstwie szybkim na krótkim torze[28]

– tenisie[29]

– narciarstwie[30]

– baseballu[31]

– kajakarstwie[32]

– u młodych sportowców z różnych dyscyplin[33]

– u olimpijczyków zimowych[34]

[1]Mikicin, M., 2015. The autotelic involvement of attention induced by EEG neurofeedback training improves the performance of an athlete’s mind. Biomedical Human Kinetics 7.

[2]Mikicin M., Orzechowski G., Jurewicz K., Paluch K., Kowalczyk M. Wróbel A., „Brain-training for physical performance: a study of EEG-neurofeedback and alpha relaxation training in athletes”.

[3]Faridnia, M., Shojaei, M., Rahimi, A., 2012. The effect of neurofeedback training on the anxiety of elite female swimmers. Annals of Biological Research 3, 1020‐1028.

[4]Mikicin M., Orzechowski G., Jurewicz K., Paluch K., Kowalczyk M. Wróbel A., „Brain-training for physical performance: a study of EEG-neurofeedback and alpha relaxation training in athletes”.

[5]Mikicin M., Orzechowski G., Jurewicz K., Paluch K., Kowalczyk M. Wróbel A., „Brain-training for physical performance: a study of EEG-neurofeedback and alpha relaxation training in athletes”.

[6]Ziółkowski, A., Graczyk, M., Strzałkowska, A., Wilczyńska, D., Włodarczyk, P., Zarańska, B., 2012. Neuronal, cognitive and social indicators for the control of aggressive behaviors in sport. Acta Neuropsychologica 10, 537‐546.

[7]Todd, T., 2011. Improving Optimal Performance‐And Life‐For Young Athletes. Biofeedback 39, 109‐ 111.

[8]Mikicin M., Orzechowski G., Jurewicz K., Paluch K., Kowalczyk M. Wróbel A., „Brain-training for physical performance: a study of EEG-neurofeedback and alpha relaxation training in athletes”.

[9]Mikicin M., Orzechowski G., Jurewicz K., Paluch K., Kowalczyk M. Wróbel A., „Brain-training for physical performance: a study of EEG-neurofeedback and alpha relaxation training in athletes”.

[10]A. Shokri, M. Nosratabadi, „Comparison of Biofeedback and Combined Interventions on Athlete’s Performance”

[11]Raymond J., Sajid I., Parkinson L., Gruzelier J., „Biofeedback and Dance Performance: A Preliminary Investigation”

[12]Singer, K., 2004. The effect of neurofeedback on performance anxiety in dancers. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science 8, 78‐81.

[13]Raymond, J., Sajid, I., Parkinson, L.A., Gruzelier, J.H., 2005. Biofeedback and dance performance: A preliminary investigation. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 30, 65‐73.

[14]Gruzelier, J., Thompson, T., Redding, E., Brandt, R., Steffert, T., 2014b. Application of alpha/theta neurofeedback and heart rate variability training to young contemporary dancers: state anxiety and creativity. International Journal of Psychophysiology 93, 105‐111.

[15]Rijken N.H.M., Soer R., Prins H., Peuscher J., „Increasing Performance of Professional Soccer Players and Elite Track and Field Athletes with Peak Performance Training and Biofeedback: A Pilot Study”

[16]Rostami, R., Sadeghi, H., Karami, K.A., Abadi, M.N., Salamati, P., 2012. The Effects of Neurofeedback on the Improvement of Rifle Shooters’ Performance. Journal of Neurotherapy 16, 264‐269.

[17]Harkness, T., 2009. Psykinetics and biofeedback: Abhinav Bindra wins India’s first‐ever individual gold medal in Beijing Olympics. Biofeedback 37, 48‐52.

[18]Cheng, M.Y., Huang, C.J., Chang, Y.K., Koester, D., Schack, T., Hung, T.M., 2015. Sensorimotor Rhythm Neurofeedback Enhances Golf Putting Performance. J Sport Exerc Psychol 37, 626‐636.

[19]Kao, S.‐C., Huang, C.‐J., Hung, T.‐M., 2014. Neurofeedback Training Reduces Frontal Midline Theta and Improves Putting Performance in Expert Golfers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 26, 271‐286.

[20]Arns, M., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Fallahpour, K., Breteler, R., 2008. Golf performance enhancement and real‐life neurofeedback training using personalized event‐locked EEG profiles. Journal of Neurotherapy 11, 11‐18.

[21]Sherlin, L.H., Ford, N.C.L., Baker, A.R., Troesch, J., 2015. Observational Report of the Effects of Performance Brain Training in Collegiate Golfers. Biofeedback 43, 64‐72.

[22]Shaw, L., Wilson, V., Nihon, S., 2012a. Getting off the Bench: EEG and HRV Differences Between Starters and Nonstarters. Biofeedback 40, 34‐38.

[23]Shaw, L., Zaichkowsky, L., Wilson, V., 2012b. Setting the balance: Using biofeedback and neurofeedback with gymnasts. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 6, 47.

[24]Dekker, M.K., Van den Berg, B.R., Denissen, A.J., Sitskoorn, M.M., Van Boxtel, G.J., 2014. Feasibility of eyes open alpha power training for mental enhancement in elite gymnasts. Journal of sports sciences 32, 1550‐1560.

[25]Paul, M., Ganesan, S., Sandhu, J.S., 2011. Effect of Sensory Motor Rhythm Neurofeedback on Psycho‐ physiological, Electro‐encephalographic Measures and Performance of Archery Players. Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences 4, 32‐39.

[26]Landers, D.M., Petruzzello, S.J., Salazar, W., Crews, D.J., Kubitz, K.A., Gannon, T.L., Han, M., 1991. The influence of electrocortical biofeedback on performance in pre‐elite archers. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 23, 123‐129.

[27]Wilson, V.E., Peper, E., Moss, D., 2006. ” The Mind Room” in Italian Soccer Training: The Use of Biofeedback and Neurofeedback for Optimum Performance. Biofeedback 34.

[28]Beauchamp, M.K., Harvey, R.H., Beauchamp, P.H., 2012. An integrated biofeedback and psychological skills training program for Canada’s Olympic short‐track speedskating team. Journal of clinical sport psychology 6, 67.

[29]Gracz, J., Walczak, M., Wilinska, K., 2007. Seeking new methods of mental training in sport. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism 14, 97‐102.

[30]Pop‐Jordanova, N., Demerdzieva, A., 2010. Biofeedback Training for Peak Performance in Sport Case Study. Macedonian journal of medical sciences 3, 113‐118.

[31]Sherlin, L.H., Larson, N.C., Sherlin, R.M., 2013. Developing a Performance Brain Training approach for baseball: a process analysis with descriptive data. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 38, 29‐44.

[32]Christie, S., Werthner, P., 2015. Prestart Psychophysiological Profile of a 200‐m Canoe Athlete: A Comparison of Best and Worst Reaction Times. Biofeedback 43, 73‐83.

[33]Dana A., Rafiee S., Gholami A. „The effect of Neurofeedback Training on Working Memory and Perceptual-Motor Development in Athlete Boys”

[34]Dupee, M., Werthner, P., 2011. Managing the stress response: The use of biofeedback and neurofeedback with Olympic athletes. Biofeedback 39, 92‐94.